Commercial Real Estate Mortgage is a type of mortgage in which a borrower receives a loan to buy a property. This loan is used for the purchase of commercial property. Commercial property can include real estate such as a building, vacant land, and personal property like vehicles. Commercial real estate is immovable, non-transferable property, like buildings, property and fixtures, and the rights, advantages and interest in the title to real estate, which includes the underlying ownership. The lender of a commercial mortgage is usually the commercial mortgagee, who is responsible for a lien on commercial real estate to secure the loan.
A mortgage loan may also be a promissory note secured by real estate or a first mortgage. A promissory note is a legally binding agreement between the lender and the borrower that describes the terms of the loan, including interest rates, payment dates, penalties and other costs and fees. In this type of mortgage loan, the lender issues a note to the borrower. The note provides details about the property being mortgaged, including the amount borrowed, the interest rate, and the property value at closing. This type of note is separate from the original mortgage, called a first mortgage, and is created by the lender when the borrower accepts the offer of financing offered by the lender.
Commercial Real Estate Mortgage lenders are highly regulated by government officials. Their lending criteria must conform to the guidelines required by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). These guidelines specify the minimum qualifications required by the various state laws. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) oversee these lenders. Both of these federal bodies share jurisdiction over commercial real estate mortgage loans, and they provide the borrowers with help in qualifying for loans.
For homeowners looking to apply for hard money loans, there are two primary types of commercial construction loans available. One is an individual mortgage. Individual mortgages are personal loans that deal with properties rather than individual borrowers. These mortgages typically have better interest rates and terms than traditional hard money loans, making them the preferred choice for borrowers who need a large down payment or wish to finance the construction of multiple commercial property projects.
The other type of commercial real estate mortgages is a deed in lieu of foreclosure. A deed in lieu of foreclosure is a legal document from the lender that allows the property to be sold without going through the foreclosure process. This allows the borrower to quickly sell the property while paying off the remainder of the mortgage through normal sales processes. A deed in lieu of foreclosure allows the borrower to avoid the added expense of the sheriff sale and other court expenses. Many borrowers prefer this option because they do not wish to sit through the lengthy and expensive foreclosure process.
The mortgage companies are not the only entities that offer non-performing loan products. There are many non-traditional real estate financing companies that also make loans to small businesses. Many of these companies work with local and regional real estate investors. They will often buy up properties on their own, sometimes purchasing properties through investors, and then resell them to borrowers at discounted rates. This makes it easy for small businesses to get commercial real estate lending at reasonable rates.
Another type of non-performing loan is made by private investors. Private investors, like individuals, will purchase properties solely for the purposes of making capital gains. Capital gains are realized when the property sells for more than it cost to buy it. Private commercial mortgage loans are made to investors that have a proven track record of generating profits, making good business decisions, and meeting investment requirements. Investors in real estate investment are a good choice for mortgage loans, but there are other sources of non-performing financing available for even the savviest investor.
Passive income is another source of non-performing mortgage notes. This term refers to any money that an investor earns as a result of lending funds to other investors. Passive income may come from dividends paid out by the borrower, rental income received from real estate investments, or any other form of passive income that benefits an investor. In most cases, passive income is obtained by lending funds to another investor that does not need to be repaid. This makes it safe and profitable for the lender, while also providing the borrower with the necessary security to continue to make their payments.